The Mount Everest trekking region is sited in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal, a world heritage site listed by UNESCO. It offers so much to the visitor especially Himalayan trekking and Mountain expeditions are much popular for all level of trekkers and climbers. The whole region offers spectacular views of mountains, glacier Lakes, friendly Sherpa people and their culture, Himalayan wildlife that can be commonly seen in this region, such as musk deer, mountain goats and colorful pheasants.The Everest region, commonly known as the Khumbu, is also the home of the Sherpa people and the mysterious Yeti! Khumbu Himal has 26 mountains all above 6000 metres, including Makalu, Lhotse, Nuptse, Cho Oyu, Ama Dablam and of course Mt Everest. Called Sagarmatha by the Nepalese and Cholmolongma - Mother Goddess of the Earth - by the Tibetans and Sherpas, Everest is the premier attraction for many trekkers to this region, and a walk to Everest Base Camp has become a classic trail.
There is also a chance that you might see some of the more rare species such as the Red Panda & Snow Leopard. Pine, Juniper and Birch trees are common in the region as well as beautiful rhododendron flowers that can be seen in bloom in spring. Monasteries are found at many places on the route, and evidence of Buddhism can be seen all along the way – from the chortens and mani stones to the friendly monks and the fluttering prayer flags which represent the eternal peace of the holy Himalayas. The physical and spiritual power of this mountain region will stay with you for the rest of your life.
People and Culture
Everest region is the homeland of famous Sherpas, they are well known as the mountaineering. One of the most well known Sherpas is Tenzing Norgay. In 1953 he and Sir Edmund Hillary became the first people known to have reached the summit of Mount Everest. Sherpas are have their very special trandition and culture. Most of Sherpas are Buddhism belong to the Nyingmapa, the "Red Hat Sect" of Tibetan Buddhism. Sherpa are the group that particularly believe in hidden treasures and valleys. Traditionally, Nyingmapa practice was advanced orally among a loose network of lay practitioners. Monasteries with celibate monks and nuns, along with the practice of reincarnated spiritual leaders are later adaptations.
In addition to Buddha and the great Buddhist divinities, the Sherpa also believe in numerous deities and demons who inhabit every mountain, cave, and forest. These have to be respected or appeased through ancient practices that have been woven into the fabric of Buddhist ritual life. Many of the great Himalayan mountains are respected as sacred. The Sherpas call Mount Everest Chomolungma and respect it as the "Mother of the World." Mount Makalu is respected as the deity Shankar (Shiva). Each clan recognizes certain mountain peaks and their protective deities.
Today, the day-to-day Sherpas religious affairs are presided by lamas (Buddhist spiritual leaders) and other religious practitioners living in the villages. The village lama who presides over ceremonies and rituals can be monastic or a married householder. In addition, shamanic (lhawa) and soothsayers (mindung) deal with the supernatural and the spirit world. Lama identify witches (pem), act as the mouthpiece of deities and spirits, and diagnose spiritual illnesses.